Vol. 37 No. 1 (2022)
Research Articles

Patterns of Teaching Presence during One Semester of a Large Online Graduate Nursing Course

Micah Baker
University of Utah Health
Dr. Stephanie Richardson
Fernando Rubio
Published July 8, 2022
How to Cite
Baker, M., Richardson, S., & Rubio, F. (2022). Patterns of Teaching Presence during One Semester of a Large Online Graduate Nursing Course. International Journal of E-Learning & Distance Education / Revue Internationale Du E-Learning Et La Formation à Distance, 37(1). https://doi.org/10.55667/ijede.2022.v37.i1.1228


Extensive research supports the claim that student-instructor interaction is an essential element of successful online teaching. It is less clear, however, whether teaching presence is discipline-specific, or how it may be affected by the personal and professional background of individual instructors. 

This article describes the qualitative portion of a mixed-methods study to analyze patterns of commenting behaviors in a graduate-level online nursing course. Following the Community of Inquiry theoretical framework (Garrison, Anderson & Archer, 2000), we compare experienced and inexperienced instructors and specifically focus on how teaching presence evolved over a fifteen-week course. Our findings indicate that teaching experience affects the types and density of comments used by teachers. Experience played a role in how density and overall level of activity evolved as the semester progressed. No differences in teaching presence emerged when comparing instructions for each assignment, but there were differences when comparing instructions to teacher posts.


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