Vol. 38 No. 2 (2023)
Research Articles

The Effects of COVID-19 on Higher-Education Teaching Practices

Dr. Rob Power
Cape Breton University
Dr. Robin Kay
Ontario Tech University
Chris Craig
Faculty of Education, Ontario Tech University

Published 2023-12-21

How to Cite

Power, R., Kay, R., & Craig, C. (2023). The Effects of COVID-19 on Higher-Education Teaching Practices. International Journal of E-Learning & Distance Education Revue Internationale Du E-Learning Et La Formation à Distance, 38(2). https://doi.org/10.55667/10.55667/ijede.2023.v38.i2.1255


In 2020, Canadian higher education institutions shifted to online teaching due to the COVID-19 pandemic. While many instructors were unfamiliar with online teaching, this transition resulted in widespread innovation in the use of digital technologies and pedagogical practices. This research study focused on the significant impact of the shift to online teaching on three areas: digital tools use, immediate teaching practice, and future teaching practice. Data from 35 survey respondents and six focus group participants indicated that most instructors were comfortable with the new tools they used online, but experienced specific challenges with breakout rooms and students understanding their role in the learning process. Specific changes in immediate teaching practice included co-creating learning spaces, different ways of connecting with students, and the democratization of learning. Perhaps the most significant impact of the COVID-19 transition period was on future in-person teaching including increased use of digital tools, structural reorganization of classes, enthusiasm for teaching, and an increased appreciation for in-person environments.

Keywords: community of inquiry, communities-of-practice, COVID-19, diffusion of innovation, digital innovation, faculty supports, fully online learning community, online teaching, pandemic, professional development, TAM, TPACK, transactional distance theory, UDL, universal design for learning

Les effets de la COVID-19 sur les pratiques pédagogiques dans l’enseignement supérieur

Résumé : En 2020, les établissements d'enseignement supérieur canadiens sont passés à l'enseignement en ligne en raison de la pandémie de COVID-19. Alors que de nombreux enseignants n'étaient pas habitués à l'enseignement en ligne, cette transition a donné lieu à de nombreuses innovations concernant l'utilisation des technologies numériques et les pratiques pédagogiques. Cette recherche s'est centrée sur l'impact notable du passage à l'enseignement en ligne dans trois domaines : l'utilisation des outils numériques, la pratique immédiate de l'enseignement et la pratique future de l'enseignement. Les données issues de 35 réponses à un questionnaire et de six groupes de discussion ont montré que la plupart des enseignants étaient à l'aise avec les nouveaux outils qu'ils utilisaient en ligne, mais qu'ils rencontraient des difficultés particulières avec les salles de réunion et la compréhension par les étudiants de leur rôle dans le processus d'apprentissage. Les changements apportés à la pratique immédiate de l'enseignement comprenaient la co-création d'espaces d'apprentissage, différentes façons de se connecter avec les étudiants et la démocratisation de l'apprentissage. L'impact le plus important de la période de transition relative à la COVID-19 est peut-être celui concernant l'avenir de l'enseignement en classe, notamment l'utilisation accrue des outils numériques, la réorganisation structurelle des classes, l'enthousiasme pour l'enseignement et l'appréciation accrue des environnements présentiels.

Mots-clés : Communauté d'enquête, communautés de pratique, COVID-19, diffusion de l'innovation, innovation numérique, soutien aux enseignants, communauté d'apprentissage entièrement en ligne, enseignement en ligne, pandémie, développement professionnel, TAM, TPACK, théorie de la distance transactionnelle, UDL, conception universelle de l'apprentissage


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